Dr. Tony Pangan, medical director of primary care at the Loyola Center for Health at Burr Ridge, talks about what you can do to keep your kids safe this winter in this video. Hypothermia and frostbite occur more quickly in kids than adults. We may forget, but children are not small adults.
You know it’s the holidays. It’s colder outside, the heat is blasting at your job and time for a good night’s sleep just cannot be found.
But these things aside, it is still the most wonderful time of the year because you get to see your friends and family in festive settings with delicious treats. With all of this going on, your skin can, well, act out. With acne, cold sores, dry puffy skin and eczema. What can you do?
Endometriosis is a condition found in 5 million women in which the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus (called the “endometrium”) grows outside of the uterus. The tissue can grow anywhere in the body, although it is found most commonly in the pelvis. It is most often found behind the uterus, on ovaries and inside of ovaries creating cysts.
Most women with endometriosis experience pain with their menstrual periods. This pain is usually more severe than most women have and can be associated with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The other feature of pain that may be different in women with endometriosis is that the symptoms of pain can radiate or be felt in other parts of the body such as the legs and back.
I need help with overeating when I am stressed. What can I do?
Nine million Americans call themselves “emotional eaters.” Emotional eating can be caused by stress, boredom or the desire to silence emotions such as fear, sadness or anxiety. Emotional eating can also be the result of positive emotions, for example the happiness of sharing a dessert at a special dinner or celebration of a holiday feast. Researchers have also demonstrated that high fat foods activate certain chemicals in the body that create a sense of contentment and fulfillment.
Constipation results from many different kinds of problems. Some people feel “constipated” when their intestines work normally, and the problem may be more in the way the nerves in the intestines talk to their brain. Another more rare cause is that the movement in the colon, or the “motility”, is excessively slow. This could be from faulty nerves or muscles, and it can be a very difficult problem to treat. Finally, a common cause of constipation that many people don’t know about is called dyssynergia, or “outlet dysfunction”.
I usually explain this with an example from pediatrics. When children have a painful, hard bowel movement, they can learn that having a bowel movement “hurts” and thus decide to ignore the urge to have a bowel movement. Over time, this causes the reflex that makes a bowel movement happen to become faulty and severe constipation occurs. Essentially the body works against itself by tightening muscles that should be relaxed in order for a bowel movement to occur. The person is usually not aware this is happening and spends an excessive amount of time in the bathroom straining to force a bowel movement to happen. The good news is that there are simple tests to help sort out why someone is constipated and usually good therapies to improve it.
There are many things that a person can do to make their bowel movements more regular without the use of medications. It is really important to drink plenty of fluids. Water is the best, but other beverages can work, too, as long as they are not loaded with caffeine or sugar. As one ages, the thirst sensation goes down, so you may need to stick to a schedule of water drinking or set daily targets. Being active throughout the day is also important since one’s stomach muscles can stimulate the intestines inside the body to move.
Listen to your body and visit the bathroom when your body tells you to go; don’t avoid going in public bathrooms if it’s really the right time. If you cannot bring yourself to go in public bathrooms, get up early before you go to work and have something to eat. Most people will have an urge to have a bowel movement first thing in the morning, and eating starts a natural reflex to have a bowel movement. Give yourself plenty of time for this to happen before you go out. Lastly, eat plenty of whole, unprocessed vegetables, fruits and grains, which contain abundant natural fiber. The standard American diet is full of processed, chemical-laden foods that lack natural fiber. Natural fiber (both soluble and insoluble) helps reduce your risk of many diseases and keeps your bowel movements regular.
The foods that are most often associated with reflux include spicy foods, caffeine, citrus fruits or acidic foods like tomatoes, peppermint, chocolate and rich, fatty foods. Many of these foods are cultural staples and we love to eat them. The cost, in terms of discomfort, can be great for a person with esophageal reflux. Even “normal” people who don’t experience heartburn on a regular basis can get heartburn after eating a big serving of pizza. Avoiding these foods will help decrease the symptoms of reflux disease, and in some studies can decrease the amount of acid exposure in the esophagus. Our understanding of just how much food “indiscretions” can actually cause physical damage (beyond simply worsened symptoms) is limited, though. Therefore, if you really can’t live without your spicy foods or chocolate, indulge only on rare occasions.
The good news is that there is no perfect diet. The bad news is that there is no perfect diet. The amount of information and misinformation on the Internet can be overwhelming for anyone. When one doesn’t have a specific medical condition, the best advice I can give is to base about half of what you eat on vegetables and fruits, then add some lean protein, whole grains and (sparingly) healthy fats in the form of nuts and the right oils. There are some medical conditions that can respond to a specific diet, though, and it is worth discussing this with your doctor. Most of the people I see have a GI illness and want advice on the right foods to eat in the setting of digestive discomfort. While we have some advice to give that is based on good research, we are still in early stages of tailoring individual diets. It is important, though, to discuss any diet you are thinking of trying with your doctor as many “diets” have big nutritional holes and could put your health at risk.
For most kids Halloween is all about the candy. It is estimated that each child’s bag of goodies contains about 4,800 calories and has 3 cups of sugar and 1½ cups of fat. The real horror in the Halloween trick-or-treat bag is how it adds to an already scary epidemic of childhood obesity.
“Kids and teens love Halloween. It’s filled with fun parties, costumes and free candy. Halloween can be a great time as long as parents make sure their child doesn’t go overboard eating all that candy,” said a pediatric weight management specialist at Loyola.
Chocolate bars, caramels, sour lemons, wherever you go next week, there will be candy. Parents will be tempted by it at the office and kids will compete for who can trick-or-treat for the biggest stash. Halloween marks the beginning of the yearly holiday spread for most adults while kids who suffer temporary tummy aches from all the sugar may later end up at the dentist’s office for cracked teeth or cavities.
Yes, even more frightening than Halloween itself can be the mountains of leftover candy that will take over offices across the country on Friday, Nov. 1. Many co-workers, trying to keep temptation out of their houses, bring candy into the office. But you may be sorry you brought it in.
Halloween. With good reason it’s a favorite holiday for lots of people, not just kids. You don’t have to shop for gifts. No angst over your love life. No family arguments.
It’s candy and pretending to be some wild character for a while, or seeing adorable kids dressed up and having fun. But just to make sure everyone has a good time and doesn’t get injured, here are a few tips to avoid going bump in the night and taking a ride to the ER.
Work, home, even in the car, stress is a constant struggle for many people. But it’s more than just exhausting and annoying. Unmanaged stress can lead to serious health conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, obesity and diabetes.
“The American lifestyle is fast-paced and productive, but it can be extremely stressful. If that stress is not addressed, our bodies and minds can suffer,” said Dr. Aaron Michelfelder, professor of Family Medicine at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine.
You may have heard of “superfruits” that pack an extra wallop in nutrition and antioxidants, but which fruits qualify for this group?
Some of the more exotic superfruits are acai, goji, mangosteen, noni, pomegranate and starfruit. However, you don’t have to go to a specialty grocery store to get fruits in this category. More common superfruits are blueberries, cranberries and red grapes.
Much has been written about the dangers of sun exposure, but 20 minutes of sun can be healing for those with psoriasis, said Julie Moore, MD, dermatologist at Gottlieb Memorial Hospital. “I encourage my patients with the skin disease psoriasis to sit out on their deck and bathe their afflicted arms, legs or feet in the sun.”
Some parents may shy away from talking to their daughters about puberty, but Loyola University Health System obstetrician and gynecologist Akua Afriyie-Gray, MD, stresses the importance of sitting down with your tween when the time comes.
“Most girls enter puberty without much education on the topic,” Dr. Afriyie-Gray said. “Parents should be proactive about talking to their daughter about puberty, so that she knows what to expect when her body begins to change.”
Part of heading back to school is actually getting your kids back to school safely. On average, there is one pedestrian death every two hours in the U.S. and a pedestrian injury every eight minutes, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
Parents need to go over and enforce safety rules when kids head back to school, says Loyola pediatrician Bridget Boyd, MD. “Talk to your kids and have them verbally repeat the rules back to you. Don’t just go with a head nod – make sure they know the rules and why they are important.”
How much is too much for kids and sports?
Sports medicine specialist Neeru Jayanthi, MD, of Loyola University Medical Center, offers this tip to help prevent injuries in young athletes: A young athlete should not spend more hours per week than his or her age playing sports. For example, a 12-year-old should not spend more than 12 hours a week playing sports. The reason is that younger children are developmentally immature and may be less able to tolerate physical stress.
While it is hard to lose weight at any age, overweight tweens and teenagers have a higher chance of becoming obese adults than normal-weight teens, said Dr. Garry Sigman, medical director of Pediatrics at Loyola University Health System.
If you think that your teen will just grow out of it, statistics are not on your side. You have to be proactive to change the course of your child’s future health.
So what should you do? Dr. Sigman recommends this course of action for children, which is easier to remember as the acronym S-H-A-P-E-S (developed by the University of California at San Diego):
What is the difference between organic and conventional farming?
Organic farming is designed to reduce pollution and encourage soil and water conservation. Farmers and ranchers who harvest organic fruits, vegetables, grains, dairy and meat don’t use conventional methods to fertilize, control weeds or prevent livestock disease. If a food item contains a USDA Organic label, it means it is grown and processed according to the standards of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Is organic food more nutritious? Research is ongoing but based on scientific research thus far organically grown and traditionally grown foods are comparable in nutrient content.
Ramadan is a time for people of the Muslim faith to reflect, refocus and retrain themselves in an effort to draw nearer to God. It is a month of self-training, self-discipline and self-control. It’s a time to develop personal character by making a conscious effort to control emotions. From dawn until dusk Muslims are to abstain from sexual intercourse, eating and drinking, which includes taking anything orally including water and medications. To ensure one is able to fully engage in these religious activities it is important to prepare and consider your health so you can optimize the benefits of the month.
It’s not a well-known fact, but scars from trauma to the skin such as cuts and exposure to radiation can develop into skin cancer years after the damage has occurred. Signs that may alert you that your scar is no longer just a scar include pain, redness, bleeding or skin breakdown. Your dermatologist would perform a skin biopsy to determine if indeed your scar has turned into skin cancer. Under a microscope skin cancer cells look very different from the cells in scar tissue. Do you have a changing scar? You owe to yourself to see a dermatologist to help determine if it has transformed into cancer. When skin cancer is detected in its early stages it’s often fully curable with surgical removal.
As the Fourth of July approaches, emergency departments across the country are already beginning to treat patients injured by fireworks. According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission, hand and finger wounds are the most common injuries caused by fireworks and account for 32 percent of all injuries reported.
Is Chinese food good for you if it has no MSG?
MSG stands for monosodium glutamate. While some people have side effects if they consume MSG, most people can eat foods containing it without any issues. The problem with MSG is it contains sodium. Most Chinese food is still high in sodium even if it does not contain MSG.
It’s running season. But before you put on those running shoes think about what you are putting in your body.
Get fueled. Long-distance runners are at risk of having low bone density, stress fractures and irregular periods if the energy input does not correspond to their energy output. It is important to provide your body with enough energy to perform at its best and prevent unwanted injuries. Men typically require about 6 to 10 percent more calories than women as they typically burn more calories on average and require more energy for their muscle function. Runners can calculate their caloric needs by following this general guideline, but it’s best to talk to your doctor or a nutritionist before starting a running program.
With an ample supply of yogurt choices in your supermarket, making the best choice can seem overwhelming. You may have noticed several Greek yogurt options, but is this really different and what makes Greek yogurt special?
Greek yogurt is considered superior to regular yogurt, but why? Greek yogurt contains more protein and less carbohydrate due to its unique straining process. The straining process removes the watery whey giving it a thick, creamy texture.
Distracted driving, whether it’s texting, eating, talking on a cell phone or putting on makeup is unsafe, irresponsible and can be deadly. Dr. Thomas Esposito, a Trauma surgeon at Loyola, talks about the impact these activities have on us all. Each year more than 40,000 people die in car accidents, and another 3 million are injured. Don’t become another statistic. Watch this video.
The warm weather has arrived and so have the insects. This time of year we often see patients who have concerns about insect bites.
Mosquitoes, ticks, fleas and chiggers are among the many pests that “bug” us this time of year. Other pests like bees, yellow jackets and wasps bring the risk of being stung, which is when an insect embeds its stinger into the skin.
Parenting a teenage athlete is a juggling act — monitoring homework, keeping up with practice and training schedules, weeks packed with competitions or games. It may seem like a never-ending “to-do” list and that yearly sports physical can seems like just one more thing in a busy parent’s life. But the quickest way of checking it off the list could be detrimental to a teen’s health.
“Sports injuries are a small portion of what is affecting our teens’ health and well-being. The sports physical required by schools and sports leagues just skims the surface and doesn’t dive deep enough into the real issues that affect a teen’s health,” said Jerold Stirling, MD, pediatrician at Loyola University Health System and chair of the Department of Pediatrics at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. “Some of the deeper issues such as mental health, social and emotional challenges can’t be addressed in a school gym surrounded by hundreds of other kids or with a quick exam at a retail store.”
Is juice OK for my kids?
Picture the typical kiddy party. The kids are running around playing and nearby is their trusty juice-filled sippy cup or juice box. Let’s see, it tastes good, gives them energy and won’t slow the play time down. It’s the perfect kid food, right? No, let’s look at why.
Juice is not bad for you, but it is a concentrated form of carbohydrate calories. Juice does provide nutrients but is not the best choice for all the fruit servings in a healthy diet.
It’s true, the kids are still in school, but it’s not too early to start thinking about your child’s back-to-school physicals and vaccines for next year.
“Come August, doctors’ offices will be jam-packed with last-minute appointments, so get a jump-start on it now,” said Dr. Heidi Renner, primary care physician at Loyola University Health System and assistant professor in the Department of Pediatrics at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine.
Finally, the cold spring blasts have made way for balmy breezes. Along with allergies, our physicians are seeing more asthma flare-ups at our Immediate Care centers in Burr Ridge, Homer Glen and River Forest.
Asthma is a respiratory disorder that affects the lungs by causing airway constriction and inflammation. It is commonly inherited. People who suffer from allergies or eczema are predisposed to having asthma.
There is nothing like breaking out the golf clubs after a long winter hibernation and hitting the golf course. Golf is a great way for people of all ages and activity levels to get moving and enjoy the outdoors. However, injuries are common in golf, especially to the ankles, elbow, spine, knee, hip and wrist. Most injuries occur from repeating the same swing motion over and over again. This places stress on certain muscles, tendons and joints. However, a few trips to the gym before your golf outing could avert injuries.
One of the most common injuries is medial epicondylitis, better known at Golfer’s Elbow. This is an inflammation of the tendons that attach your forearm muscles to the inside of the bone at the elbow.
It’s been pretty well publicized that high cholesterol is a risk factor for heart attack and stroke. We now know that atherosclerosis, which can trigger a heart attack or stroke, begins in childhood. If this condition is diagnosed in childhood, there are opportunities to delay or even prevent heart attack and stroke in adulthood. Many children with high cholesterol levels have inherited this condition from their parents, and since most parents of young children are just young adults themselves, they may not yet know they too inherited cardiovascular disease.
In an initiative to help lead more Americans toward the path of healthy living, 18 cooking websites and five media companies are working with first lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move campaign. The websites will feature healthy recipes that follow the guidelines of the MyPlate campaign.
MyPlate is part of a larger initiative with the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans to help consumers make better food choices. MyPlate illustrates the five food groups using a familiar mealtime visual, a place setting (choosemyplate.gov). More than 3,000 recipes will be featured on a new Pinterest page (http://pinterest.com/MyPlateRecipes/). Recipes may be for a main or side dish that meets at least one part of the MyPlate criteria.
Thousands of people will kick off Chicago’s running season this Sunday when they step out for the city’s most popular 8K race – the Shamrock Shuffle. Having the proper footwear will be important to protect their feet and prevent injuries. Loyola University Health System podiatrists suggest the following tips when selecting a running shoe:
Imagine a prescription that you can use every day, costs little or no money and if used properly, results in no negative side effects. That prescription is walking. Walking has been shown to help prevent diabetes, heart disease, depression (by increasing the brain’s endorphins, a chemical related to preventing depression), osteoarthritis and even improves memory.
I’m a new mom. Do you have any tips for diaper rash?
Almost every parent has to deal with it – diaper rash. Though the problem is common, it’s also extremely painful and uncomfortable for the child and can leave parents at a loss for how to comfort their little one.
Diaper rash is caused by the skin’s reaction to irritants such as excessive moisture, lotions, wipes, diapers or a child’s waste, a Loyola neonatal expert said. Breast-fed babies may be more prone to diaper rash since they tend to produce looser stool more frequently.
Parents should put a barrier cream with zinc oxide on a baby’s bottom with each diaper change during times of frequent stools. This keeps a barrier between the child’s skin and the moisture that causes the irritation. When choosing a cream, make sure it’s thick. In this case, the thicker it is, the better.
Diaper rash can be caused when the skin is exposed to a new product such as lotion, a new brand of paper diaper or wipes. If you’ve tried a new product on the baby’s skin and notice a rash, go back to the old product for a few days. Then, try the new product again. If the rash happens again, don’t use the new product.
Parents should also stay away from wipes with alcohol or fragrances as they tend to irritate the skin more. Even wipes that are marketed for use on sensitive skin can still irritate fragile skin, so if your child has diaper rash, try not to use any wipes. Instead try using a small squeeze water bottle with warm water to clean the bottom and pat dry with a soft, clean washcloth.
If a child does develop diaper rash:
- Expose the affected area to as much air as you can. Consider having the baby take a nap on a burp rag or open cloth diaper
- Change diapers often
- Oatmeal baths and soaks can help ease the pain of the raw skin
- If a child is older than 2 months, consider pain-relief medication
The No. 1 cause of diaper rash is loose stool, so if your child is starting to get sick be sure to apply a barrier cream often. Most diaper rashes will go away with time and the proper treatment. Still, there are times when what appears to be diaper rash might be something more.
If the rash is causing pain and not improving with the normal treatment, it’s possible that it could be a yeast rash. Healthy babies have yeast in their stool and diapers are a perfect breeding ground since yeast like to live in dark, warm, wet places. If the rash looks bright red, is in the skin folds and doesn’t get better after three days of treating it, you might want to have your pediatrician take a look to make sure there isn’t anything concerning.
Contact your pediatrician if:
- The child has a fever unrelated to another illness
- The raw skin oozes pus
- The rash is scabbed over
- The redness is spreading
- There is an abscess or boil
Diaper rash isn’t an emergency and most likely will go away in a few days, but if you are concerned your pediatrician can always take a look.
I’ve been thinking about doing a juice cleanse. Will it really do everything it claims?
Don’t be fooled by the growing popularity of juice cleansing. These programs can be pricey and, unfortunately, won’t do much for you. Here are some claims associated with this trendy regimen and why it likely won’t work:
Claim: A juice cleanse will detox your body
Reality: Your body is already set up to “detox” itself. It is the job of your liver, kidneys and intestines to neutralize and excrete dangerous toxins. In fact, consuming nothing but juice can actually work against these organs.
Soreness in the breasts can be hormonal, such as occurs with pregnancy or just prior to a period. The pain can be worsened by an increase in caffeine consumption in the form of coffee, tea or chocolate. Lower back pain can be caused by many things, including cramping of the pelvic structures such as premenstrual irritation. If you do not get a period soon, and if the symptoms persist, see a health-care professional.
My children are picky eaters. How can I get them to eat different foods?
Mealtimes do not always need to be a struggle with your picky eater. It is important to make mealtimes as consistent and pleasant as possible. Get your child in a routine by scheduling meals and snacks at regular times. Keep the time just before, during and after meals and snacks positive; schedule discipline and difficult conversations for later. Children who are easily distracted need a quiet place to eat, so move the TV, radio, music (unless it is very soothing), pets and toys out of range.
Many new moms fear that eating the wrong foods while breast-feeding will make their baby fussy. However, no sound scientific evidence exists to support claims that certain foods or beverages lead to fussiness in infants, according to Gina Neill, a Loyola University Health System registered dietitian.
“One of the many reasons women stop breast-feeding is because they believe they have to follow restrictive dietary guidelines,” Neill said. “However, a nursing mom’s food and beverage intake does not have to be as regimented as you might think.”
Say “I love you” with flowers, chocolates or a greeting card but be careful when you kiss this Valentine’s Day.
“Mid-February is usually the peak season for infectious diseases, such as the seasonal flu, mononucleosis, colds and coughs,” said Jorge Parada, MD, medical director, infectious disease at Loyola University Health System. “And don’t rely on obvious signs of illness, such as sneezing or fever as a tip-off. People with infectious diseases start shedding the virus before they experience the full effect of the illness.”
If you want to keep your true love’s heart beating strong, then the real food of love is dark chocolate and red wine, said nutrition experts at Gottlieb Memorial Hospital. In moderation, red wine and dark chocolate are good health choices – not just on Valentine’s Day, but for any occasion.
You are not even choosing between the lesser of two evils, red wine and dark chocolate have positive components that are actually good for your heart, they said.
Red wine and dark chocolate with a cocoa content of 70 percent or higher contain resveratrol, which has been found to lower blood sugar. Red wine is also a source of catechins, which could help improve “good” HDL cholesterol.
Here’s a list of heart-healthy ingredients for February, which is National Heart Month, and for good heart health all year.
Should I take vitamin supplements to help prevent cancer?
According to a landmark report, taking supplements does not lower the risk of dying of cancer. Researchers who compiled this report, “Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective,” compiled by World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)/American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR), reviewed and analyzed over 7,000 studies on nutrition and cancer.
Super Bowl is just around the corner and you’ve been so good about your New Year’s resolution to eat healthier. What can you do to block the offense of all the junk-food snacks that are sure to be at the Super Bowl party?
Gina Neill, a Loyola University Health System dietitian, is offering these tips for people attending Sunday’s Super Bowl parties:
Dr. Elizabeth Mueller, medical director of Urogynecology at Loyola, explains how Botox, which is often used to prevent wrinkles, actually is a very effective treatment for muscle spasms.
With this in mind, doctors established a clinical trial to study the effect of Botox injections in urinary incontinence treatment. They will compare this treatment against the present standard of care, which involves oral medication.
There is more evidence coming out that people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus have a high chance of remission of their diabetes after they have bariatric or obesity surgery. Two studies published in March showed that bariatric surgery helped lower blood sugar levels in groups of patients with Type 2 diabetes, even before the patients started to lose a lot of weight.
Old Man Winter is here. With the snowball fights, snow forts and snowy hills come some serious dangers. In addition to ducking from flying snowballs and avoiding out-of-control skiers, parents need to be on the lookout for dangerously low body temperatures and frostbite.
“Kids love to be outside, but they also are more vulnerable to cold weather than adults,” said Dr. Tony Pangan, pediatrician at Loyola University Health System. “Most kids won’t notice changes in their bodies related to cold exposure. As a parent your goal should be to be prepared and equipped to help kids have safe winter fun.”
What causes heartburn and how can I prevent it?
Heartburn or GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) occurs when stomach acid makes its way up into the esophagus. If the sphincter at the base of your esophagus does not seal correctly, the gastric juices “reflux” or flow backward into the esophagus causing a burning sensation in the throat and chest. You should visit your doctor to find the root cause of your heartburn. Many things such as stress, food allergies and structural problems can cause or exacerbate GERD. Other things to consider: chew food thoroughly, eat smaller meals, limit junk food, don’t lie down within 2-3 hours of eating or wear your skinny jeans too tight.
More than 141 serious fires and hot-oil burns have been reported from the use of turkey fryers over the past decade, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. And no one knows that better than Serafino Alfe. The 87-year-old Mount Prospect resident made national news last year when he wound up at the Loyola Burn Center with third-degree burns – the worst type of burn – on his leg.
A Registered Dietitian is a food and nutrition expert who has met academic and professional requirements in nutrition and dietetics. Many RDs hold advanced degrees and/or certifications in specialized areas of practice such as pediatrics, renal, prenatal, nutrition support and diabetes education. RDs work in a variety of settings, including private practice, health-care facilities, accreditation agencies, community settings, food industry, public health settings, nutrition industry, journalism, sports nutrition, corporate wellness, academia and research.
A mole that is changing in size, shape or color is something that everyone needs to take seriously. It’s a warning sign that you may have melanoma, which can be easily treated if caught early. Mohs surgery has proven to be a boon for melanoma patients. Dr. Rebecca Tung, division director of Dermatology at Loyola, discusses the benefits of Mohs micrographic surgery for skin cancer. The procedure removes all skin cancer cells, has the highest potential cure rate at 99 percent, results in minimal risk of recurrence and protects healthy tissue, which offers better cosmetic results.
Are you looking for a dermatologist?
People sometimes think they are protected from a disease by herd or community immunity. But whooping cough is extremely contagious, so herd or community immunity is not effective.
The New England Journal of Medicine recently published a study concluding that the effectiveness of the vaccine for pertussis, more commonly known as whooping cough, wanes during the five years after the fifth dose. Children in the U.S. who are vaccinated receive five doses of the DTaP vaccine, which includes protection from diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis before age 7. Often a booster is given when a child is 11 or 12 years old.
It’s World Stroke Day. What are the warning signs of stroke?
- Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body.
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding.
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance.
Learn if you are at risk. http://bit.ly/SozNJ0
Halloween is just around the corner and you know what that means. Soon well-meaning co-workers will bring in buckets and bowls of leftover candy.
You should be aware that dipping into the Halloween candy bowl can expand your waistline and decrease your productivity, said registered dietitian Gina Neill of Loyola University Health System.
Now that it is getting cooler outside my kids want hot chocolate. Isn’t it bad for them?
Homemade hot cocoa does not have to be “bad” for anyone. Cocoa is full of antioxidants and flavonols, which may help reduce the risk of heart disease and lower cholesterol. Mix 1 cup of fat-free milk, 1 tablespoon organic cane sugar and 1½ tablespoons of unsweetened cocoa powder. Warm in a saucepan until powder mixes with milk and sugar has dissolved.
Should I eat soy foods if I have thyroid disease?
Soybean-related foods such as edamame, soy nuts and tofu contain goitrogens, which interfere with thyroid hormone production or utilization. Goitrogens are inactivated by heating and cooking. The Institute of Medicine states soy foods do not need to be avoided unless you also have an iodine deficiency (discuss with your physician and modify your diet only as needed).
The cause of a heart attack or death of heart muscle tissue is due to blockage of blood flow in a coronary artery that feeds the heart muscle. The disease process that leads to blockage of arteries is called atherosclerosis, which means hardening or fatty buildup of the arteries. As humans age, we all develop some amount of fatty buildup in our arteries similar to pipes in a house developing grim buildup over the years. But there are factors that may worsen or accelerate that buildup and increase the risk for a heart attack. Some of these factors include smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, lack of routine exercise and a diet high in saturated fat. Fortunately, many of these factors can be treated, which reduces the risk of fatty buildup and a heart attack.
A national survey found that women were three times more likely to see a doctor on a regular basis than men. Even though men on average die younger than women and have higher mortality rates for heart disease, cancer, stroke and AIDS, trying to get a man to a doctor can be harder than pulling teeth. So, why do men hate it so?
What is the difference between sea salt and table salt?
Sea salt and table salt have basically the same nutritional value. The main difference is in the texture and processing. Sea salt is made by evaporating sea water and may contain additional minerals and elements. Table salt is obtained from underground sites and is processed to remove minerals. Table salt also has an ingredient added to prevent clumping as well as the addition of iodine, which is an essential nutrient that is not found in sea salt.
If you have osteoarthritis of the knee, you are not alone. One in five Americans live with knee arthritis. In fact, people are more likely to experience disability from knee arthritis than from heart disease.
Q. My child has a fever and it won’t break. In fact, it keeps going higher. What should I do?
A. A fever is your child’s friend. Fevers are produced by your body to fight infections. Fevers are not dangerous, and do not cause brain nor other organ damage. Fevers, however, cause children to be irritable, cranky, tired and sleepy. It forces your child’s body to slow down and rest in order to recuperate.
The next time you are digging out roots or pruning bushes, remember your hands are powerful and versatile but also sensitive.
Always wear protective gloves because the smallest thorn or wood sliver can lodge under the skin or nail and lead to pain, swelling and infection, which may require antibiotics or, even worse, surgery.
I don’t know if that jump-rope song can still be heard on the playground, but the words ring true for many parents when their child is sick.
In 2009, a large study was published by the Cochrane Collaboration that reviewed 22 clinical trials using acupuncture for prevention of migraine headaches in migraine sufferers.
Six trials comparing migraine treatment with acupuncture and without acupuncture “found that those patients who received acupuncture had fewer headaches.”